Australian PM Set to Sign Highly Secretive Trans-Pacific Trade Agreement, Undermining Domestic and International Legal Systems

TPP12th October 2013

Dr Matthew Mitchell

Guest Writer for Wake Up World

Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott’s Coalition looks set to sign off on the highly secretive Trans-Pacific Partnership later this month, but what will it mean for ordinary Australians?

What sort of “Trade Agreement” manages to both criminalise internet use and force coal seam fracking onto communities?

The answer to this is the  Trans-Pacific Partnership  (TPP), a pact that has the ominous potential to achieve both these corporate objectives — and many more.

Of course, we cannot know the exact effects of the TPP, as the negotiations over the past few years have been held in secret. However, two leaked chapters – out of the 26 or more under negotiation – have caused more than their fair share of concern.

One of these chapters threatens to undermine Australia’s existing domestic and international legal systems, throwing away the protections and rights achieved over hundreds of years.

How? Through tribunals linked to a system of International Investor-State Dispute Settlements (ISDS). The one in the TPP led to an  open letter  signed by prominent Australian judges, lawyers, politicians and academics insisting that the government should not sign an agreement that includes ISDS. The letter states:

“…  the increasing use of this mechanism to skirt domestic court systems and the structural problems inherent in the arbitral regime are corrosive of the rule of law and fairness.”

But ISDS is most definitely included in the  proposed TPP  put forward by United States negotiators.

The former Gillard government made it clear that Australia would  not  sign another trade agreement that included international dispute settlement by tribunals. This followed Australians being burnt by an agreement that has allowed tobacco company Phillip-Morris to take Australia to an international tribunal over its plain packaging laws, even though Australia’s own High Court  already decided against Phillip-Morris.

Other countries are experiencing equally serious consequences.

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is being used by gas and oil company Lone Pine Resources  to sue Canada over Quebec’s moratorium on fracking. A trade agreement was also used to sue  Ecuador for USD $1.77 billion.

The Coalition’s  trade policy document  indicates that Abbott’s government will sign the TPP  with acceptance of ISDSs  because the Coalition is:

“… open to utilising investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) clauses as part of Australia’s negotiating position.”

Not only that, but it says it will:

“… fast track the conclusion of free trade agreements.”

Tom J. Donohue, CEO and President of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce,  told CNBC  that the TPP deal will be completed in a month.

Added to the threat of ISDSs are many other concerns, including those raised by the leaked chapters.

For instance, based on the leaked IP chapter,  Aaron Bailey of OpenMedia.ca  is concerned about the new powers that may be given to massive international media organisations:

The TPP seeks, among other things, to rewrite the global rules on intellectual property enforcement  that would give Big Media  new powers  to lock users out of our own content and services, provide new liabilities that might force ISPs to police our online activity, and give giant media companies even greater powers to shut down websites and remove content at will. It also encourages ISPs to  block  accused infringers’ Internet access, and could force ISPs to hand over our private information to big media conglomerates without appropriate privacy safeguards. You can see a more complete list of new restrictions  below, but it appears that  the TPP would turn all Internet users into suspected copyright criminals. In fact it appears to criminalize content sharing in general.  [emphasis added]

A statement by a U.S. trade representative at the  recent ASEAN meeting in Brunei  said that the TPP Ministerial Meeting held at the APEC meeting in Bali in early October would be a “milestone” and that the aim was to finish the TPP agreement “by the end of the year“.

President Obama is scheduled to address the APEC leaders, including Tony Abbott, on  October 7.

Before Prime Minister Abbott signs this agreement, Australians deserve to know what rights he may be signing away.

Upcoming Information sessions on the TPP:

About the Author

Dr. Matthew Mitchell  (Swinburne University of Technology) is a technology critic, former organic shop owner, bee keeper, back-yard farmer and serving committee member for the Friends of Edithvale-Seaford Wetlands Inc.

 


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