Unlocking Better Sleep and Quality of Life for Memory-Impaired Individuals: Insights from the Healthy Patterns Sleep Program

February 15th, 2024

By John Patterson

Staff Writer for Wake Up World

In the quest for enhancing the quality of life and sleep among those grappling with memory issues, a pioneering study led by the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) shines a beacon of hope. Delving into the realms of nonpharmacological interventions, this research, published in Innovation in Aging, explores the effectiveness of the Healthy Patterns Sleep Program, offering a new horizon for individuals and their care partners seeking relief and improvement without the reliance on medication.

Understanding the Healthy Patterns Sleep Program

Under the leadership of Nancy Hodgson, PhD, RN, FAAN, the Claire M. Fagin Leadership Professor in Nursing and Chair of the Department of Biobehavioral Health Sciences, the study embarked on a journey with 209 pairings of community-residing individuals facing memory challenges alongside their care partners. This diverse team, spanning experts from Penn Nursing, Penn Medicine, Rutgers School of Nursing, and Drexel University’s College of Nursing and Health Professions, has paved the way for a groundbreaking trial aimed at bettering sleep quality and overall life satisfaction through structured, nonpharmacological means.

The Core of the Program

At the heart of the Healthy Patterns Sleep Program lies a series of one-hour home activity sessions spread over four weeks, designed to engage participants in a blend of reminiscence, exercise, and sensory activities. Scheduled meticulously throughout the day, these activities aim to reduce daytime sleepiness and enhance the quality of nighttime rest, presenting a holistic approach to addressing sleep disturbances. In contrast, the control group received education on sleep hygiene, home safety, and health promotion, setting the stage for a comprehensive analysis of the program’s effectiveness.

The Promising Outcomes

“The results from this study provide fundamental new knowledge regarding the effects of timing activity participation and can lead to structured, replicable treatment protocols to address sleep disturbances,” highlighted Hodgson. Notably, the Healthy Patterns program showcased a significant improvement in the quality of life and sleep quality among participants, especially those experiencing depressive symptoms or poor sleep quality at the outset.

A Step Forward in Sleep-Wake Activity Management

While the study acknowledges the need for a more extended duration to witness improvements in other sleep-wake activity metrics, the findings undeniably underscore the potential of the Healthy Patterns Intervention. By focusing on the timing of activities, this innovative approach offers a replicable model for mitigating sleep disturbances, marking a significant stride towards enhancing the well-being of those with memory impairments and their caregivers.

Implications for Future Care

The implications of this research extend far beyond the immediate benefits observed. By demonstrating the efficacy of behavioral interventions, the study illuminates a path toward not only elevating the quality of life but also potentially alleviating the burden on care partners and reducing overall care costs for individuals living at home with memory problems. This approach advocates for a shift towards nonpharmacological treatments, emphasizing the power of structured activities in transforming the lives of those affected by memory issues and their dedicated caregivers.

In an era where the search for alternative and effective treatments is more crucial than ever, the Healthy Patterns Sleep Program stands out as a beacon of hope and a testament to the potential of innovative, nonpharmacological approaches in enhancing the lives of those grappling with memory impairments. As we move forward, the insights gleaned from this study pave the way for more compassionate, holistic, and sustainable care practices, promising a brighter future for individuals and families navigating the challenges of memory-related conditions.

Practical Tips to Enhance Sleep and Quality of Life at Home


Bringing the insights from the Healthy Patterns Sleep Program into your daily life can be both rewarding and transformative for individuals with memory impairments and their care partners. Here are some practical strategies derived from the study’s findings that you can implement to improve sleep quality and overall well-being:

Morning: Engage in Reminiscence Activities

  • Create a Memory Album: Spend time each morning going through photos or mementos that spark joy and conversation. This activity not only strengthens bonds but also sets a positive tone for the day.
  • Share Stories Over Breakfast: Make mealtime more engaging by sharing stories from the past. This can stimulate cognitive functions and enhance mood.

Afternoon: Incorporate Physical Exercise

  • Scheduled Walks: Aim for a gentle 30-minute walk after lunch. Natural sunlight and physical activity can help regulate sleep patterns.
  • Simple Home Exercises: Integrate simple, safe exercises into the afternoon routine. Stretching, balance exercises, or yoga can be beneficial.

Evening: Sensory Activities to Wind Down

  • Aromatherapy: Use calming scents like lavender or chamomile in the evening to create a relaxing atmosphere.
  • Soothing Music: Play soft, soothing music to help ease into a state of relaxation. Instrumental or classical music can be particularly effective.
  • Gentle Massage: A gentle hand or foot massage can be very comforting and promote a sense of well-being.

Nighttime: Establish a Sleep-Friendly Environment

  • Limit Screen Time: Encourage a screen-free hour before bedtime to avoid blue light exposure, which can interfere with sleep.
  • Create a Comfortable Setting: Ensure the bedroom is conducive to sleep—cool, quiet, and dark. Consider using blackout curtains and white noise machines if necessary.
  • Consistent Sleep Schedule: Try to go to bed and wake up at the same time every day, even on weekends. Consistency strengthens the body’s sleep-wake cycle.

For Care Partners: Self-Care and Support

  • Practice Self-Care: Care partners should also ensure they are taking care of their own health and well-being to be able to provide the best support.
  • Seek Support When Needed: Don’t hesitate to reach out for professional advice or join support groups to share experiences and strategies with others in similar situations.

Implementing these practical tips can not only improve the quality of sleep for those with memory impairments but also enhance overall quality of life for both individuals and their care partners. It’s about creating a nurturing environment that fosters wellbeing through structured, meaningful activities and a supportive, caring relationship.

Journal Reference:

  1. Nancy A Hodgson, Miranda V McPhillips, Darina V Petrovsky, Adriana Perez, Sonia Talwar, Nalaka Gooneratne, Barbara Riegel, Subhash Aryal, Laura N Gitlin. Timed Activity to Minimize Sleep Disturbance in People With Cognitive ImpairmentInnovation in Aging, 2024; 8 (1) DOI: 10.1093/geroni/igad132

About the author:

John Patterson is an avid writer and researcher who delves into the latest scientific research. With an insatiable curiosity, he translates complex concepts into accessible narratives, allowing readers to embark on a journey of discovery. Through his work, John bridges the gap between experts and the public, igniting curiosity and inspiring meaningful conversations about scientific breakthroughs.

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