5 Foods You Should Never Feed Your Dog (and a Few You Can)

9th April 2012

By Dr. Marty Beckervetstreet.com

Is “people food” safe for dogs? Some is, some isn’t, and knowing what’s OK to share can mean the difference between a healthy treat and a trip to the emergency clinic.

Poison to Pets

Sugar-free candy and gum

Read the label of your favorite sugar-free gum, candy or even cough drop, and you’ll likely find Xylitol on the ingredients list. The sweetener has become extremely popular in recent years, and its increased use has led to many cases of poisoning in dogs. The product causes low blood sugar and liver failure in canines. If you carry sugar-free gum or candy in your purse or backpack, make sure you keep it out of reach of your pet.

Chocolate

Though Xylitol’s toxicity comes as a surprise to many people, pretty much everyone knows that chocolate can be a problem for dogs. And it is, but it’s not as dangerous as most people think. The thing to remember: The darker the chocolate and the smaller the dog, the more dangerous the combination. If your Labrador Retriever eats a small bar of milk chocolate, she’ll likely get only a bellyache. But a tiny Maltese who eats a a few ounces of dark chocolate could land in the emergency clinic.

Raisins and grapes

No one really knows why grapes and their dried relations, raisins, are a problem for dogs, but they surely are. Dogs who eat a large amount of either may go into renal failure. It may be that some dogs are sensitive and others are less sensitive, and it’s unknown if small amounts over time can be as dangerous as one large bunch of grapes or raisins. Due to the uncertainty, the ASPCA’s Animal Poison Control Center advises against giving any amount of raisins or grapes to any dogs at any time.

Macadamia nuts

Another medical mystery, these nuts are best not shared with your pets — especially if they are cloaked in dark chocolate. Though fatalities are rare, as few as 10 nuts can cause frightening symptoms in a small dog, such as muscle weakness, tremors and vomiting. It’s just not worth it.

Onions and garlic

These staples can be found in every good cook’s kitchen, but they should never be part of any pet’s diet. Garlic and onions can damage healthy red blood cells, leading to life-threatening anemia if not caught and treated in time. And though most people already know that pets shouldn’t eat onions, the warning on garlic can be confusing, because it’s often erroneously recommended by Dr. Google as a flea cure. It’s not effective against fleas, and garlic is best left out of a pet’s diet entirely. Final note: Veterinarians often recommend that ill pets who won’t eat be tempted with meat-variety baby food. But be careful to read the label: Some baby foods contain garlic and onions. Choose a brand without.

Some People Food Is Fine

Now that I’ve told you what you can’t share with your dog, I’m happy to share my favorite treats that you both can eat. Some words of warning first.

Treats count as food

More than half the nation’s pets are overweight or obese for the same reason people are: too much food and not enough activity. So while it’s OK, in general, to share healthy food with your pet, it’s not recommended that you do so in addition to your pet’s daily ration of the good diet your veterinarian recommends. Too many treats will either add on the pounds or unbalance the diet, and neither is a good result. Watch the size of the treats (break them up — dogs can count, but they can’t measure) and the frequency.

Treats can lead to behavior problems

If you give your pet a treat whenever he asks, be prepared for him to ask often — and to move to demand when a polite request doesn’t bring forth the goodies. If you don’t want your dog to beg, nudge your elbow or plate (or those of your guests), bark nonstop for treats or exhibit other annoying behaviors, make sure every treat you give is on your terms, not your dog’s. Even better: Use treats for training, which means you’ll be working toward a goal when the goodies come out.

OK, so what kinds of people food are good for sharing? My favorites are baby carrots and apple slices. I also like sharing blueberries, yogurt and lean bits of meat, such as baked or boiled chicken with the fatty skin removed. When in doubt, ask your veterinarian if a particular food is safe for your pet.

The bottom line: A little sharing can be okay. Just know what’s safe for your pet and make sure you’re not either helping your dog pack on the pounds or learn tricks you’d rather he not.

This article was written by Veterinarian Dr. Marty Becker
 


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  • It is good to know about the dangers of all these foods. However, although I get the point concerning onions, many others promote the moderate use of garlic. contrary to what is stated here as a pertinent fact, a regular small does of garlic does keep away fleas and ticks. Living in an area where these pests are plentiful, my dogs are totally free from them.
    We had the choice of regularly treating them with vicious poisons, or giving them a single capsule of garlic extract every day.
    Perhaps large doses of garlic may cause harm to dogs, but just imagine if people stopped using the expensive pharmaceuticals – loss of income for a whole chain of people in the industry.
    Just because some anonymous on the internet makes a statement, it should ALWAYS be researched further as some merely regurgitate what is said elsewhere and motives in our age are mostly dubious.

    • [email protected]

      i’ve done the same and never hade a prob in her ten years of life with no bugs on her!!!

  • ISKENDER

    I read somewhere that most dogs would have to eat something like a couple ounces of chocolate per pound of bodyweight for it to be dangerous. This does seem impossible but may be a problem for a small dog, unsupervised at Christmas or Easter and with chocolate bars getting bigger and dogs getting smaller who knows? Great article, thank you so much. Learned a few very important things.

  • Not sure what to make of this article. I agree sweets etc. has no place in a dog’s diet!

    BUT, I don’t know where all this misinformation about garlic comes from. I feed my three dogs garlic to prevent them getting worms. It works with cats as well, my mother gave it to her cat and she lived to a healthy age of 20!!!

    And no, garlic doesn’t prevent prevent dogs and cats having fleas!

    I think the majority of all those misinformation pieces are placed on purpose to confuse people and make them to go back to the pharmacy. But if you look closer at the truth you will find natural remedies for fleas and worms that really work.

    Remember, garlic is very good for cats and dogs!

    • [email protected]

      I have to agree with the garlic. I cook chicken mince, vegetables, rice and garlic for my two Maltese Terriers and they love it and are very healthy!

  • Bron

    I have also heard that avocado is not good for dogs. Have a Ridgeback /Rotty/Pointer cross who stole up to 250gms of chocolate and is still here and very healthy

  • wendy pillar

    Feed your dog raw meaty bones, which is what wild dogs eat and is their natural diet. Small amounts of scraps, meal and vegetable food can bulk it out a bit. By far the most healthy way. My dogs eat raw chicken wings, and absolutely love it.