Vitamin D Protects Against Common Cause of Blindness

By Larissa Long

Guest Writer for Wake Up World

By now, the importance of  vitamin D  in preventing disease and protecting overall health has been scientifically proven — but could  vitamin D  deficiency have more health consequences than we think?

Beyond its most well-known role in building strong, healthy  bones, vitamin D has been shown to help protect against many health conditions, including various forms of cancer, cardiovascular disease, respiratory infections,  diabetes  and multiple sclerosis.

And now, new research has shown that a deficiency in vitamin D could also lead to one of the most common causes of blindness — diabetic  retinopathy.

Diabetic retinopathy is caused by changes in the blood vessels in the retina. In some people, the blood vessels leak fluid. In others, abnormal blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina, causing  vision  changes. The disease has four main stages:

1. Mild Non-proliferative Retinopathy:  This is the earliest stage, where small areas of swelling occur in the blood vessels.

2. Moderate Non-proliferative Retinopathy:  At this stage, some blood vessels in the retina become blocked.

3. Severe Non-proliferative Retinopathy:  A more advanced stage, this is where many blood vessels become blocked and the retina starts to become deprived of blood supply.

4. Proliferative Retinopathy:  At this most advanced stage, the retina sends messages to the body that it needs nourishment because so many blocked blood vessels have deprived it of nutrients. This triggers the growth of abnormal new blood vessels, which in and of itself isn’t a bad thing. The problem is that these new vessels are extremely thin-walled and fragile, making them highly susceptible to leakage, which ultimately leads to vision loss and blindness.

In this study, researchers examined 200 patients (52 percent female, 48 percent male) who had either type 1 or type 2 diabetes for at least 11 years. All patients gave blood samples after overnight fasting to check levels of vitamin D and parathyroid hormone (PTH), a protein hormone that controls calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D levels in the blood and bones. Vitamin D deficiencies are associated with higher levels of PTH. (Too much PTH can also reduce glucose tolerance.)

In addition to the blood work, patients underwent thorough eye exams at the start of the study, with results showing:

  • 21 percent did not have any form of retinopathy
  • 19 percent had mild non-proliferative retinopathy
  • 17.5 percent had moderate non-proliferative retinopathy
  • 20.5 percent had severe or very severe non-proliferative retinopathy
  • 22 percent had proliferative retinopathy

After analyzing the vitamin D levels in the blood samples, researchers found that, overall, the concentrations of this nutrient were significantly lower in patients with retinopathy than those who did not have the condition.

There was also a significant negative correlation between the levels of vitamin D in the blood and the severity of the condition. In mild non-proliferative retinopathy, the level of vitamin D in the blood was 67.4 +/- 13.7 pmol/L, while in the most severe form of proliferative retinopathy, the level was 34.1 +/- 17.2 pmol/L.chers found that, overall, the concentrations of this nutrient were significantly lower in patients with retinopathy than those who did not have the condition.

As for PTH, the levels of this protein increased as retinopathy status worsened, with levels the highest in those patients who had either severe non-proliferative retinopathy or proliferative retinopathy.

There are many possible reasons for this link between vitamin D deficiencies and diabetic retinopathy. For starters, vitamin D has immune-enhancing, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antiproliferative functions in all areas of the body, including in the eyes. Furthermore, vitamin D inhibits angiogenesis — the growth of new, abnormal blood vessels.

How to Get Sufficient Levels of Vitamin D

Wake Up World's Special Reader Offer As you  probably know, the easiest way for your body to get the vitamin D it needs is to go outside every single day, exposing your unprotected skin to direct sunlight for at least 20-30 minutes before applying sunscreen.

If you can’t get outside every day, or if your doctor advises you to avoid direct sunlight without sun protection, then you can get vitamin D by consuming foods fortified with the nutrient (dairy products, for instance), or by taking a supplement.

Make sure you choose a vitamin D product that contains D3 in the form of  cholecalciferol  — the form best absorbed and utilized by the body.

If you are concerned that you are deficient in vitamin D, or if you have diabetes or diabetic retinopathy and want to protect your eyes by ensuring proper levels of vitamin D in your system, ask your doctor to order a vitamin D profile blood test. If your levels do turn out to be low, then work with your doctor to find a dosage level that is appropriate for you to protect your eyes, however, be aware that the prescription vitamin D is in the form of D2 therefore you should let your doctor know you’d prefer to take vitamin D3.

Article Sources:

  • Raheem RNAMA and Fattah MAHMA. Serum vitamin D and parathormone (PTH) concentrations as predictors of the development and severity of diabetic retinopathy. Alex J Med. 2012.
  • Shokravi MT et al. Vitamin D inhibits angiogenesis in transgenic murine retinoblastoma. Invest Ophtalmol Vis Sci. 1995;36:83-7.

About the Author
Larissa LongLarissa Long has worked in the health care communications field for more than 13 years. She co-authored a self-care book titled  Taking Care, has written countless tip sheets and e-letters on health topics, and contributed several articles toNatural Solutions  magazine. She also served as managing editor of three alternative health and lifestyle newsletters — Dr. Susan Lark’s  Women’s Wellness Today, Dr. David Williams’  Alternatives, and Janet Luhrs’  Simple Living.

For tips, tools and strategies to address your most pressing health concerns and make a positive difference in your life, visit  Peak Health Advocate.


If you've ever found value in our articles, we'd greatly appreciate your support by purchasing Mindful Meditation Techniques for Kids - A Practical Guide for Adults to Empower Kids with the Gift of Inner Peace and Resilience for Life.

In the spirit of mindfulness, we encourage you to choose the paperback version. Delve into its pages away from screen glare and notifications, allowing yourself to fully immerse in the transformative practices within. The physical book enriches the learning process and serves as a tangible commitment to mindfulness, easily shared among family and friends.

Over the past few years, Wake Up World has faced significant online censorship, impacting our financial ability to stay online. Instead of soliciting donations, we're exploring win-win solutions with our readers to remain financially viable. Moving into book publishing, we hope to secure ongoing funds to continue our mission. With over 8,500 articles published in the past 13 years, we are committed to keeping our content free and accessible to everyone, without resorting to a paywall.


This article was republished with permission from  Live in the Now, one of the fastest growing natural health newsletters. Visit  to browse their complete library of articles, or join the nearly 60,000 readers subscribed to  their Newsletter.